From our results:
- There is a 5-year increase in BMI (around 1 kg/m2) in the REGICOR population (Obesity, 2007), and in the percentage of individuals (5%) who are candidates for a weight reduction program (Br J Nutr, 2007).
- Independent of BMI, a direct relationship exists between waist circumference and levels of LDL oxidative damage and inflammation (Am J Clin Nutr,2006), as well as alcohol consumption (EJN, 2007).
- Glycemic load, but not glycemic index, is associated with BMI (Am J Nutr, 2008).
- Adherence to the Mediterranean diet is inversely related with BMI (J Nutr, 2004) whereas fast food consumption is directly related with BMI even in a Mediterranean population (Br J Nutr, 2007). Unfortunately, our data show that the monetary cost for dietary patterns associated with lower BMI is higher than that for other dietary patterns (Int J Obes, 2006).
Within the framework of the PREDIMED Study (see intervention studies 3), several cross-sectional studies with baseline data have also been performed concerning the relationship of:
- Alcoholic beverage consumption with food habits in a Mediterranean population (Am J Health Promot, 2008).
- Adherence to the Mediterranean diet with cardiovascular risk factors (Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil, 2008).